CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

ANALYSIS, AND INTERPRETATION - CENTENNIAL EDITION - INTERIM

US Congress  S. DOC. 112-9 -

The US Constitution 

The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America.[2] The Constitution, originally comprising seven articles, delineates the national frame of government. Its first three articles embody the doctrine of the separation of powers, whereby the federal government is divided into three branches: the legislative, consisting of the bicameral Congress (Article I); the executive, consisting of the president and subordinate officers (Article II); and the judicial, consisting of the Supreme Court and other federal courts (Article III). Article IVArticle V and Article VI embody concepts of federalism, describing the rights and responsibilities of state governments, the states in relationship to the federal government, and the shared process of constitutional amendment. Article VII establishes the procedure subsequently used by the thirteen States to ratify it. It is regarded as the oldest written and codified national constitution in force.[3]

Since the Constitution came into force in 1789, it has been amended 27 times, including one amendment that repealed a previous one,[4] in order to meet the needs of a nation that has profoundly changed since the eighteenth century.[5] In general, the first ten amendments, known collectively as the Bill of Rights, offer specific protections of individual liberty and justice and place restrictions on the powers of government.[6][7] The majority of the seventeen later amendments expand individual civil rights protections. Others address issues related to federal authority or modify government processes and procedures. Amendments to the United States Constitution, unlike ones made to many constitutions worldwide, are appended to the document. All four pages[8] of the original U.S. Constitution are written on parchment.[9]

According to the United States Senate: "The Constitution's first three words—We the People—affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens. For over two centuries the Constitution has remained in force because its framers wisely separated and balanced governmental powers to safeguard the interests of majority rule and minority rights, of liberty and equality, and of the federal and state governments."[5] The first permanent constitution of its kind,[a] it is interpreted, supplemented, and implemented by a large body of federal constitutional law, and has influenced the constitutions of other nations.

 

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Articles and Amendments are Linked to the US Constitution Center Website

 

Preamble


We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

 

Articles 

 

ARTICLE IV

States, Citizenship, New States

 

ARTICLE II

Executive Branch

ARTICLE V

Amendment Process

 

ARTICLE VI

Debts, Supremacy, Oaths, Religious Tests

 

ARTICLE VII

Ratification

 

 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Articles and Amendments are Linked to the US Constitution Center Website\

 

The Bill of Rights  Amendments 1-10

Passed by Congress 1789. Ratified December 15, 1791.

 

The Preamble to The Bill of Rights

 

Congress of the United States begun and held at the City of New-York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty nine.

 

THE Conventions of a number of the States, having at the time of their adopting the Constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added: And as extending the ground of public confidence in the Government, will best ensure the beneficent ends of its institution.

 

RESOLVED by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two thirds of both Houses concurring, that the following Articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States, as amendments to the Constitution of the United States, all, or any of which Articles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution; viz.

 

ARTICLES in addition to, and Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress, and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution.

 

Amendments

First Amendment 

Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assembly, and Petition

Fourth Amendment

Second Amendment

Fifth Amendment

Third Amendment

Sixth Amendment

Seventh Amendment

Eighth Amendement

Ninth Amendment

Tenth Amendment

 

AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

The Articles and Amendments are Linked to the US Constitution Center Website

 

 

Amendments 11 to 27

 Amendment 11

Amendment  14

Amendment 12 

Amendment 15

Amendment  13

Amendment 16

Amendment 17

Amendment 18

 Amendment 19

Amendment  20

Amendment 23

Amendment 26

Amendment 21

Amendment 22

Amendment 24

Amendment 25

Amendment 27